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:: Volume 6, Issue 2 (12-2020) ::
Caspian J Reprod Med 2020, 6(2): 12-18 Back to browse issues page
The study of Maternal Mortality Rate and its Causes among Iranian Women in 2014-2015
Maliheh Arab * , Behnaz Ghavami , Soheila Darzi Kholerdi , Farahnaz Torkestani , Robabeh Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi , Nasrin Yousefi , Seyyedeh Neda Kazemi , Saeedeh Hejazi , Kourosh Sheibani
Department Obstetrics & Gynecology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , drmarab@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (190 Views)
Background: In developing countries, maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is regarded as a key indicator of socioeconomic development and health. The aim of the present study was to investigate maternal mortality reported in Iran as well as its epidemiologic and etiologic characteristics.
Methods: This cross-sectional study reviewed the medical files of maternal death cases, between March 10, 2014 and March 10, 2015, obtained from the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education. The data were evaluated using a specially designed questionnaire and included the demographic data, cause of the death, risk factors, patient symptoms, and laboratory results for all cases of maternal death. The MMR was calculated by dividing all the recorded cases of maternal deaths in one full year of Iranian calendar by the total recorded live births in the same time-period. 
Results: According to maternal mortality reported in Iran, 250 maternal deaths occurred
in one year in Iran. The majority of cases (74.8%) were in 18-35-year-old age category. The total MMR for this time period was 16.3 per 100.000 live births. The most common causes of maternal death were hemorrhage in 87 cases (34.8%), hypertension- preeclampsia in 60 cases (24%), and heart diseases in 47 cases (19%). Provinces of West Azerbaijan, Qazvin, Markazi, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Bushehr, Hormozgan and Sistan and Baluchestan were high risk provinces with a maternal mortality rate of above 20 per 100.000 live births.
Conclusion: Although Iran has had a successful track in reducing its maternal mortality rate, there is still a recognizable disparity in MMR between and among provinces, which should be addressed. Also, preventable conditions like bleeding and hypertension still play a significant role in causing maternal mortality in Iran and need more attention.
Keywords: Maternal Mortalities, Epidemiologic study characteristics, Causalities, Iran
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2020/11/2 | Accepted: 2020/12/17 | Published: 2020/12/25
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Arab M, Ghavami B, Darzi Kholerdi S, Torkestani F, Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi R, Yousefi N, et al . The study of Maternal Mortality Rate and its Causes among Iranian Women in 2014-2015. Caspian J Reprod Med. 2020; 6 (2) :12-18
URL: http://caspjrm.ir/article-1-195-en.html

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Volume 6, Issue 2 (12-2020) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Caspian J Repord Med: Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center of Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol-Amol old highway, after Mohammadhasan Khan bridge, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran, P.O. Box: 47135-547 Tel: +98-11-32274881-2 Fax: +98-11-32274880 E-mail: info@caspjrm.ir Website: www.caspjrm.ir
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