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:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (Caspian J Reprod Med 2017) ::
Caspian J Reprod Med 2017, 3(1): 19-24 Back to browse issues page
Assessing prevalence and clinical characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome in young adults, Iran
Sedigheh Esmailzadeh , Mouloud Agajani Delavar * , Fatemeh Hosseinpour Haydari
Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center, Health Research Institute & Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , moloodaghajani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (717 Views)
Background: Studies have revealed that Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) usually begins in adolescence and it might manifest differently in different populations. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence and clinical characteristics of PCOS in a community setting in Iran.
Methods: In a community-based cross-sectional study 401 young women aged 18-33 years selected by cluster sampling proportionate to population size. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to screen predisposing factors for PCOS based on menstrual history and clinical manifestations of hyperandrogenism.  PCOS be defined presence of least two criteria were considered diagnostic of PCOS, after exclusion of other etiologies.
Results: The overall prevalence of PCOS among young women was 19.0% (CI 95%; 15.0%, 23%). Compared with non-PCOS young women, The adjusted age OR of young women PCOS for problem in abnormal hair growth 5.07 (CI, 2.87-8.99; P< 0.0001) weight loss 4.72 (CI, 2.75-8.09; P< 0.0001), abdominal obesity was 1.83 (95% CI, 1.00 -3.11; p= 0.026), paternal alopecia was 1.760 (CI 95%, 1.03-3.02; p = 0.040), and consume pill for menstruation 18.75 (CI 95%, 6.53-53.96; p< 0.0001).  There were no significant difference between acne, increased weight, and depression with PCOS. The women with regular cycles in the absence of clinical hyperandrogenism 98.9% were confirmed as normal. While 93.9 % women with irregular cycle and clinical hyperandrogenism were confirmed to have PCOS.
Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that counseling and evaluating of the women with irregular cycle and clinical hyperandrogenism using an interviewer-administered questionnaire may be benefit for diagnosis of PCOS.
 
Keywords: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, prevalence Hirsutism, Obesity
Full-Text [PDF 177 kb]   (186 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Reproductive endocrinology
Received: 2017/04/25 | Accepted: 2017/07/5 | Published: 2017/08/11
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Esmailzadeh S, Delavar M A, Haydari F H. Assessing prevalence and clinical characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome in young adults, Iran. Caspian J Reprod Med. 2017; 3 (1) :19-24
URL: http://caspjrm.ir/article-1-121-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 1 (Caspian J Reprod Med 2017) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Caspian J Repord Med: Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center of Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol-Amol old highway, after Mohammadhasan Khan bridge, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran, P.O. Box: 47135-547 Tel: +98-11-32274881-2 Fax: +98-11-32274880 E-mail: info@caspjrm.ir Website: www.caspjrm.ir
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